Karavali College of Physiotherapy

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What You Need to Know About Physical Therapy

Physical therapy, also called physiotherapy, is a specialty in health care that can help you restore or improve your ability to move because of an injury or a health problem. It is involved in:

  • restoring normal or highest possible function;
  • promoting healthy lifestyles;
  • preventing injuries and further loss of function; and
  • improving quality of life.

Who are Physiotherapists?

Physical therapists, or PTs, are health care professionals that are licensed to provide physical therapy services. They are experts in how the body moves and are trained to evaluate and treat people who have movement disabilities and inabilities to perform daily tasks due to an injury or illness. Physical therapists are those people who are educated and trained in physical therapy. They help diagnose and treat individuals who have health problems or other medical-related conditions or injuries that affects their abilities to move and perform daily tasks. They help treat patients of all ages, from babies to the elderly.

Physical Therapy Treatments

There are many treatment options used in physical therapy. What is effective for one patient may not be equally effective for you. This is why your therapist needs to conduct a thorough examination, which will guide him or her in creating a specific treatment plan tailored to your needs and goals. Common physical therapy treatment options include:

  • physical therapy exercises(e.g.┬árange of motions exercises)and manual therapy (e.g. massage, mobilization techniques)
  • functional training
  • assistive and adaptive device training (e.g. cane, crutch, walker training)
  • physical agents like hot and cold packs and electrotherapeutic modalities such as ultrasound (US) and TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulator).


Physiotherapy Areas of Specialization:

  1. Musculoskeletal And Orthopedics.
  2. Cardiopulmonary
  3. Geriatric
  4. Neurological
  5. Pediatric
  6. Integumentary
  7. Sports physiotherapy
  8. Gynecologic and urologic physiotherapy
  9. Oncology
  10. Manual therapy.